The genre of Django is an adventure western. The codes and conventions used are:
The linguistics which are two of the characters who can speak American but are fluent German. There are also other characters who are linguistic such as the rich people who speak with authority, speak politely and pronounce every word properly showing class and a sense of proper adult behaviour. Then their are the slaves of the rich who speak politely but don’t pronounce every word properly as they don’t understand the words meaning.
The films visuals are always changing with the different layouts and backgrounds of the stories locations. For example, one scene is set in the winter so everything looks pure with the white snow and bright blue for the sky making the scene visually brightly lit, then compared to another scene which is set in a small town, the buildings are all the same, the floor is covered with wet mud and the sky is grey making the scene look visually dull with mixtures of similar colours such as dark orange, dark and light browns.
The audio in the film is always changing and mixes with scenes in a way that is unexpected and that wouldn’t usually work with the genre of the film but works very well in certain scenes in a unique way. E.g. One of the scenes is a wide shot of a forest and a group of people walking past the camera, the music played over the scene is a rap song with a lot of bass, this sort of song/music would usually not appear in this sort of film genre but in this concept it works really well.
All the characters in the film are symbolic as they are all portrayed individually mainly by how they are dressed. Example, the two main characters Django and doctor Schultz each have their own identity by hat they are wearing. Django wears a very original styled cowboy outfit which is coloured with dark greens and browns and is always wearing a small pair of circular glasses. Where doctor Schultz is always seen wearing a posh light grey suit with an over coat and hat of the same colour. He also has his own horse that bows when ever he introduces himself and his horse. Doctor Schultz’s dentist carriage has a large tooth wooden tooth on the top of the carriage which is stuck onto a giant spring which makes the tooth move when ever the carriage is wobbling around. The tooth is also hollow which is where the doctor keeps his earnings from bounties.
The film uses a lot of cuts between scenes and during scenes where there is action and where there is conversations. The film also uses fast zooms from wide shots to extreme close ups to show the audience which characters are more important than others or to show how a certain character is feeling about something or someone. Wide shots are used to show the vastness of certain landscapes or buildings. E.g. A wide shot is used to show how large one of the estates are in the film, the camera then moves down still focusing on the estate to reveal a long path that runs between two very large fields.
The story is told by using flash backs of how it began and as the movie goes on the two main characters tell the audience the story through conversation with each other and other characters that are connected to the main goal of the story at certain points in the film.
The main representation in Django unchained is slavery and how that affects certain characters be it in a good way or a bad way or in some cases both. For example. The representation of the two main characters are good and bad, as they both set out to rescue the wife of Django who has been made a slave, the character Schultz trains Django to become a bounty hunter and teaches him how to use a gun. As they journey to rescue Django’s wife they perform evil deeds that consist of hunting down and murdering a ruthless gang one by one that tortured Django and his wife in the past. They have to achieve their main goal of justice and rights through the irony of illegal actions of violence and crime.